According to the refined of the All-Ukrainian Population Census '2001 data, the total number of the actual population of Ukraine as of 5 December 2001 accounted for 48,457 thousand people.
The number of the urban population, according to the data of the All-Ukrainian Population Census '2001, accounted for 32,574 thousand persons, or 67.2%, and that of the rural population 15,883 thousand people, or 32.8%.
According to the data of the All-Ukrainian census of the population ‘2001, the number of men totaled 22,441,000 people, or 46.3%, that of women - 26,016,000 people, or 53.7%.
During the years that have passed since the census of the population ‘1989, the number of towns in Ukraine has increased by 20 and on the date of the All-Ukrainian census of the population ‘2001 there were 454 units. Among them 37 towns numbered more than 100,000 and less than 500,000 inhabitants, 9 towns numbered more than half a million inhabitants, the capital of Ukraine Kyiv numbered more than 2.6 million people.
The total number of the permanent population of Ukraine on the date of 5 December 2001 accounted for 48,241 thousand people, including men – 22,316 thousand people, or 46.3%, women - 25,925 thousand people, or 53.7%; the urban population – 32,291 thousand people, or 66,9%, the rural population – 15,950 thousand people, or 33.1%.
The age structure of the population, stated by the All-Ukrainian census of the population ‘2001, is characterized by the following data: the part of children in population has decreased, while the part of the persons at the age older than able-to-work has increased, that considerably complicates present demographic situation in the country and says about ageing of the population.
The peculiarity of the national structure of the population of Ukraine is its multinational composition. According to the data of the All-Ukrainian census of the population, the representatives of more than 130 nationalities and ethnic groups live on the territory of the country.
The language structure of Ukraine, according to the data of the All-Ukrainian census of the population, is various.
The part of those whose mother tongue is Ukrainian totals 67.5% of the population of Ukraine, this is by 2.8 percentage points more than in 1989. The percentage of those whose mother tongue is Russian totals 29.6% of the population. Comparatively with the data of previous census this index has decreased by 3.2 percentage points. The part of other languages, specified like mother tongue, during the period that have passed since previous census has increased by 0.4 percentage points and accounts for 2.9%.
The results of the All-Ukrainian census of the population ‘2001 testified to the tendency to the rise of the educational standard of the population and the increase in the number of people with higher and complete secondary education.
According to the data of the All-Ukrainian census of the population, of married men and women accounted for 23.7 million persons.